The demand for greater political, fiscal and administrative autonomy by local governments has been evolving in the Philippines, even decades before the 1991 Code was enacted. Due to the archipelagic nature of the country, the delivery of public goods and services had to undergo a tedious process, causing development backlogs. Thus significant measures have been attempted in the past to articulate the concept of autonomy and self-rule.

The Local Government Code of 1991 is perhaps the most comprehensive piece of legislation in the Philippines which provides and covers all aspects of local autonomy. It addresses the decades-old problem of over-centralized political and administrative system, which concentrated the most significant decisions and development in the Metropolitan areas.

This module revolves around the 1991 Local Government Code, the wisdom behind it, how local governments translate their roles and accountabilities to produce results for their constituencies and how they can rise above the demands to effectively deliver such goods and services.


The world of local governance is always changing and new trends are shaping the dynamics between citizens, government, and other sectors. With that in mind, the module of Strategic Management aims to highlight what it takes for the leaders to be highly adaptive and, more importantly, highly effective managers of their LGU.